Data privacy involves collecting/disseminating data while protecting personally identifiable information like social security numbers, driver’s license, date and place of birth, credit card information, medical records, financial records, employment records etc. that identifies individuals. Unless precautions are taken to protect this data, unauthorized person can gain access to the information and use it to stalk or steal identity and commit crimes or fraud.
How to Protect Personal and Work-related Data?
- Install antivirus and antispyware programs from a trusted source.
- Keep all software up to date. Regularly install updates for all your software and subscribe to automatic updates wherever possible.
- Be cautious of what and how much you share. It’s best not to share sensitive or confidential information.
- Create separate user accounts. Consider setting up separate user accounts with limited rights separate from administrator account.
- Dispose of sensitive information appropriately rather than throwing them away.
- Destroy digital data when no longer in use. Ensure the data on a computer system, hard drive, CD, DVD, etc. is completely destroyed before you dispose.
- Use passwords and encrypt sensitive files
Use Encryption to Protect Data - MSIACSafe Guarding Your Data – US CERT
Respecting Privacy, Safe Guarding Data, Enabling Trust – staysafeonline.org