Students electing a major in biology may choose to study organisms on a cellular and molecular level, the genetics and development of organisms, the function processes of living things or the interrelationships of organisms within their environment. The study of biology provides a valuable background for those interested in science but uncertain of their choice of concentration. Not only are graduates aware of the processes and interactions of living things, but they acquire skills in scientific thinking and insight into the complex biological world.
Employment opportunities for graduates encompass a wide range of fields. Thirty to forty percent of biology majors continue in graduate or professional education. Others choose high school teaching or work as technicians and researchers in industry, hospitals or academic institutions. Some find positions in pharmaceutical sales, science libraries, fish and wildlife services, environmental protection and conservation agencies, meat and dairy inspection, and forestry services.
The bachelor's degree is often adequate preparation for entry jobs in testing, inspection and technical sales, but promotions are limited for those without advanced degrees.
SAMPLE JOB TITLESBachelor's Degree/Entry Level:
clinical data processor
pharmaceutical sales rep.
Further Education/Experience Often Required:
public health administrator
(Check the Dictionary of Occupational Titles under section 041 for additional related careers.)
- Participate in Internships and Field Experience Placements.
- Sample of Field Experiences: National Aquarium in Baltimore & The Maryland Zoo in Baltimore
SOME EMPLOYERS OF BIOLOGY MAJORS
- biological book/journal publishers
- state/federal government
- consulting engineering firms
- agricultural chemical companies
- medical corporations
- biological testing laboratories
- business and industry
- pharmaceutical companies
Salaries range greatly from one occupation, position, and work setting to another. According to the Summer 2008 NACE national salary survey for Bachelor's Degree Candidates in Biology, the average salary was $35,042.
OTHER SOURCES OF INFORMATION
American Association for the Advancement of Science - http://www.aaas.org/
American Institute of Biological Sciences - http://www.aibs.org/
American Society for Microbiology - http://www.asm.org/
Biotechnology Industry Organization - http://www.bio.org/
Careers in Biochemistry and Microbiology (Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology) - http://www.faseb.org/careers/
HireBio.com - http://www.hireBio.com/
HireMedical.com - http://www.hireMedical.com/
HireRx.com - http://www.hireRx.com/
Science Careers - http://recruit.sciencemag.org/
RESOURCES FOR FURTHER EXPLORATION
- Medical and Pharmaceutical Sales: How to Land the Job of Your Dreams
- Directory of American Research and Technology
- The EnviroDirectory (Mid-Atlantic/New England)
- The Directory of National Environmental Organizations
- Health Care Job Explosion!
- Careers in Medicine
- Career Opportunities in Health Care
- Green at Work
- The Complete Guide to Environmental Careers in the 21st Century
- Career Opportunities in Science
- Careers for Scientific Types & Others With Inquiring Minds
- Great Jobs for Biology Majors
- Opportunities in Biological Science Careers
- Opportunities in Biotechnology Careers
- Working With Animals
- Career Success with Pets
- Careers With Dogs
- Graduate Programs in the Biological Sciences
- Medical School Admissions Advisor
- The Ph.D. Process: Graduate School in the Sciences